The blood oxygen level shows the amount of oxygen the red blood cells are transporting. High oxygenation of blood plays a vital role in safeguarding your brain, muscles, plus other organs obtains the power they require to operate properly. That’s the reason it’s very significant in understanding the way to measure the current level of oxygen & check when it goes below the acceptable level.
Measuring Blood oxygen level
- Pulse oximeter
Blood Oxygen levels is measured with the help of pulse oximeter. This is a small device that clips onto one’s fingertip. The device shines a light on tiny blood vessels inside your finger & measures the amount of oxygen from light that is reflecting. It’s an approximation of the amount of oxygen hemoglobin your blood comprises of compared to the amount it can contain
The level of oxygen in the blood is measured using a percentage. The considered normal blood oxygen is 95 – 100 percent (75 & 100 mm Hg). When your oxygen levels go below 88% (60 mm Hg), that’s a cause of concern. In this case, you need to contact the health care professional immediately or move to the nearby emergency room or urgent care center.
The oxygen level changes all through the day, especially if you are moving from low-energy activities to high-energy activities. But, as long as the oxygen level remains within the normal healthy range among these fluctuations, no need to worry.
Changes in these activities aren’t the just factors that impact oxygen levels. There are more other adverse conditions & diseases which negatively impact the level of oxygen, including asthma & chronic disruptive pulmonary disease. Individuals suffering from these health issues have a lower oxygen saturation average. This forces them to use supplemental oxygen plus other treatment methods.
However, the pulse oximeter test is faster, simple, & not painful. It isn’t accurate as of the ABG test. The reason is it’s influenced by factors like as bright lights, dirty fingers, nail polish, & poor circulation to extremities.
- Arterial blood gas
Arterial blood gas test measures blood oxygen level. This can also detect the level of different gases inside your blood, and the pH (acid/base level). This kind of test is more accurate, though it’s invasive.
To receive an ABG-measurement, the doctors will draw-blood from the artery instead of veins. Different from veins, arteries contain a pulse that can be felt. Also, the blood gotten from arteries is oxygenated and Blood in your veins is not.
Artery in the wrist is utilized the reason being it is simply felt related to others inside your body.
Wrist refers to a sensitive area, which makes a blood-draw there extra uncomfortable related to the vein near the elbow. Arteries are very deeper compared to veins which add discomfort.
Effects of COVID-19 on levels of blood oxygen?
Other individuals with COVID-19 have hazardously low oxygen levels. If you have been open to COVID-19, or you have tested positive though you didn’t have symptoms, there is no importance of checking your blood oxygen level. If you developed symptoms, it’s necessary to check the level. If it is low or when one notices it’s dropping, contact the healthcare professional.
What happens when your level of oxygen is too low
When the oxygen level of your blood goes is below the typical range, one will start experiencing some symptoms.
- Shortness of breath
- Visual disorders
- High blood pressure
- Sense of euphoria
- Lack of coordination
- Chest pain
- Rapid heartbeat
If a low level of oxygen blood levels continues, one may have cyanosis symptoms. Hallmark sign of the condition is blue discoloration of the nail beds, mucus membranes, and skin.
Cyanosis is regarded as an emergency. If you’re experiencing signs, you need to seek instant medical attention. Cyanosis leads to respiratory failure, that’s life-threatening.
Oxygen low levels (Hypoxemia) is caused by:
The inability of the lungs to inhale & send oxygen to every cell & tissues
- Not sufficient oxygen in the air
- Blood clots in the lung
- Blood, pus, or water-filling in air sacs at the lungs
- Loss of lung tissue or scarring
Moving from low-altitude, where the air has a higher oxygen concentration, to higher altitude, where there is a little oxygen concentration.
Sudden workout, when you have lung or heart disease
The inability of the bloodstream to flow to the lungs collects oxygen, & transports it into your body
Boosting your oxygen level in blood/treatment
When your level of blood oxygen is very low, you require boosting oxygen saturation. This is normally done using supplemental oxygen.
Home supplemental oxygen is regarded as a medication, & your doctor needs to prescribe it. It’s significant to follow the doctor’s exact advice on the way home oxygen needs to be utilized to prevent complications. Health insurance should cover the expense.
Self-care measures can be used by individuals to decrease symptoms of breath shortness & improve general health & life quality. These comprise of:
- Eating a healthful diet using plenty of fruits & vegetables
- Preventing passive smoking at places where other people smoke
- Regular exercising